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Ustad Vilayat Hussain Khan : Pran Piya

Gayanacharya Late Ustad Vilayat Hussain Khan Sahab " Pran Piya " (1892 - 1962)

 

Ustad Vilayat Hussain Khan Sahab was a musician who was his own example born in centuries. Agra Gharana has flowered through musicians of his caliber and Khan Sahab carried on this tradition with great enthusiasm. Khan Sahab dedicated his life for the wide dissemination of classical music as an outstanding performer, great composer and greatest teacher. According to Dr. B. Gopal Reddy (then Union Minister of I. & B.) Khan Sahab was the non assuming reservoir, from which great many rivulets in the form of innumerable disciples flowed over the country. He wanted the rivulets to flow Perpetually both Historically and musically, Ustad Vilayat Hussain Khan, was a bridge between the last phase of the "Darbar music and the modern period. He brought Sangeet Vidya (the science of music), authentic "gayaki" and a treasure of ragas and compositions, in its purest form. Whatever he imparted from old masters, conversed it to the new generation disciples and also other needy contemporaries. Thus, his contribution to the advancement of music in the present century is monumental.

 

Khan Sahab inherited, imbibed and developed a Style which was both individualistic and representative of Agra Gharana. While assimilating the majority and the clear out rhythmic patterns of Dhrupad style of "Nohar Bani", he brought an easy flow Khayal Singing. This spontaneity marked by well-defined rhythmic movements and appropriate flourishes, with which he could make each word, syllable and letter of the composition dance brought a rare alliance and charm to the gayaki of this tradition, which is perhaps unrivalled. Written by Ustad Vilayat Hussain Khan and published by Sangeet Natak Academy "Sangeetagyon Ke Sansmaran" is very important book.

 

Initially trained in music by his illustrious father Ustad Natthan khan. After his fathers demise Ustad Vilayat Hussain khan learnt from Ustad kallan khan and Ustad Ghulam Abbas Khan and also Ustad Abdullah Khan. He was a master of both Khayal singing and Dhurpad as well. He held the honoured position of sangeet salahkar at All India Radio from 1955 till his death in 1962 . His disciples, include names like Bhaskarbuva Bakhle , Smt. Sumati Mutatkar, Smt. Purnima Sen, Anjanibai Lolekar, Ratankant Ramnathkar Jagnnath buva purohit, khadim Hussain, Azmat Hussain, Anwar Hussain, Sharafat Hussain, Latafat Hussain, Shati Ahmed, Yunus Hussein and Yakub Hussein

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